Areca Palms (Dypsis lutescens)form thick clumps and are widely used as privacy hedges. They are fast growing and easy, doing well in average soil and are adaptable to full sun or shade. They can reach a mature height of 20 feet although most are considerably smaller making it a good container plant
The Bismarck Palm (Bismarchia nobilis) is a wonderful focal plant. It is not recommended for small properties. It grows slowly, eventually reach a height of 40 to 70 feet, with a canopy spread of 15 to 20 feet. It’s not fussy about soil, is insect and disease free, and prefers full sun. The first year it needs to be watered regularly but one established is drought tolerant.
Canary Island Date Palm
Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) is a massive palm, reaching a mature height of 50 to 60 feet, with a canopy spread of 30 to 40 feet. It prefers full sun, but will tolerate partial shade. Mature trees will tolerate some drought as well as temperatures as low as 15 to 20 degrees F. It will need to be pruned to maintain a neat appearance.
Chinese Fan Palm
Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis) a slow growing palm, commonly reaches a mature height of 15 to 25 feet. It is a good palm for smaller properties and can also be used as an understory plant, especially when young. It prefers full sun or partial shade and tolerates hot, drought as well as temperatures as low as the mid twenties.
The Christmas Palm (Adonidia merrilli) is a small palm, reaching a mature height of 15 to 20 feet, and often planted in clumps of 2 or 3. They are well suited for smaller areas and are carefree but prefer moist, well drained soil and full sun. They will tolerate some shade, and are salt spray tolerant. Lethal yellowing disease was an issue in the 1970’s but not in recent years.
Coconut palms (Cocos nucifera), are widely adaptable and will tolerate some drought conditions but not prolonged periods of flooding. The dwarf varieties will have a mature height between 30 and 60 feet, with a canopy measuring 15 to 25 feet. They have a high salt and wind tolerance, and a moderate rate of growth.
Foxtail palm (wodyetia bifurcate), has a mature height of 30 feet,(good for most homes) with a crown that measures 15 to 20 ft. It will tolerate a wide range of soil types and is not bothered by pests or diseases. It does well in both full sun and partial shade and will tolerate drought and a light frost (27 degrees). Newly planted trees will require regular watering the first season.
Pygmy Date Palm, Roebelenni Palm
The Pygmy Date Palm,( Phoenix roebelenii) is small, and slow growing, making it a useful foundation plant. When mature it reaches a height of 8-10 ft. Although single stemed, it is often planted in clumps of 3 to 5. The fronds do have sharp spikes. It is adaptable to most soils, and looks best when watered regularly. It may be damaged at temperatures below 30 degrees.
Cuban Royal Palm (Roystonea regia) and the Florida Royal Palm (Roystonea elata) are stately, fast growing, palms reaching 100 feet in height. The Cuban species has a swollen base and is more tolerant of drought, while the Florida species prefers wetter conditions and can withstand some flooding. They prefer full sun and can survive temperatures down to 28 degrees.
The spindle palm (Hyophorbe verschaffeltii) gets its name from the ridges of its trunk. Spindles are very easy to grow, preferring full sun, and are drought and salt tolerant.They are slow growers with a height of only 20 ft., and can also be grown in containers. They are prone to potassium(K) deficiency which can be diagnosed by orange specs on the older fronds.
Sylvester palms (Phoenix sylvestri) are also know as the Silver Date Palm, or the Sugar Date Palm, and are native to southern Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh. They are cold hardy and can take temperatures as low as 15F. Slow growers, they eventually can reach a height of 40 ft. Sylvestor palms can be grown in full sun or partial shade, and should be watered during times of drough.